There are basically three phases of the hair life cycle: anagen, catagen and telogen. Anagen is the growth phase of the hair. Catagen is the resting phase of hair life cycle, while telogen is the phase in which the hair completes its life cycle and falls off. It is normal for women to lose about 50-100 hair strands everyday. This number is insignificant and barely noticeable. Hair loss becomes an issue of concern only when you start losing a substantial amount of hair everyday. This is because hair fall takes place in the growth phase itself. Here are a few factors which lead to hair loss in women over 50.
This is a genetic condition which affects about 85% women who complain of hair loss in their 50s. These women are genetically predisposed for hair loss. The genetic composition from both sides of their family is responsible for this. In this condition, the growth phase of affected hair follicles shrinks, which cause them to fall prematurely. Moreover, the texture of hair begins to degrade as it grows and it also loses its pigment.
This is a non-genetic condition in which hair falls at the end of their life cycle. However, the cause of hair fall is not natural, but derived. Acute stress, medications for heart diseases, diabetes, liver diseases etc. are responsible for telogen effluvium. As you must have noticed, these are the medications, which most women over 50 consume, hence, telogen effluvium is also a pretty common cause of hair loss in women over 50.
This is basically an auto-immune disorder, in which the cells of body fail to recognize its own hair follicles. The immune system sends inflammatory cells to attack these follicles, causing them to fall off. Apart from this, the immune system of these women do not show any major problem. A distinct hair loss can be seen, which includes circular bald patches with dense hair growth around.
If you have been abusing your hair with different hair treatments, tight bands, variety of hair serums, all your life, then traction alopecia is what you get at the age of 50. Tight hair bands literally pull your hair out of the scalp, while hair treatments deteriorate the quality of hair, both of which lead to hair loss in later life.
Your hair expert may recommend you an appropriate treatment for curing your problem. Hormone therapy, drugs, topical solutions can be prescribed according to the cause of hair loss. In some cases, hair loss laser treatments can prove beneficial. However, if the cause is genetic, then you have limited scope of growing your hair back. In this case, hair transplant is the only option available. However, if you start taking proper care of your hair in your young age itself, you will have little reason to worry about hair loss in your later life. Similarly, avoid exposing your hair to harsh chemical treatments, as far as possible. Read more on tips on preventing hair loss.