Androgenetic alopecia is a type of hair loss that is inherited from either or both the mother and the father. Also known as male- or female-pattern hair loss, it is the most common cause of hair loss.
In male baldness the hair loss follows a well-defined pattern. It begins above both temples and then gradually the frontal hairline recedes to form a characteristic “M” shape. Also the hair thins at the crown (near the top of the head), often progressing to partial or complete baldness. Usually the back and sides of the head remain unaffected, but for a few men with severe pattern baldness, they can experience some thinning in these areas.
A variety of genetic and environmental factors are likely to play a role in causing androgenetic alopecia or male baldness. Other than androgen hormones, Androgenetic Alopecia causes in men has been associated with several other medical conditions including coronary heart disease and enlargement of the prostate. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in males located below the bladder. In addition to prostate cancer, disorders in insulin resistance (such as diabetes and obesity), and high blood pressure (hypertension) have been found to be related to male baldness.
Female pattern baldness or Androgentic Alopecia is the most common?type of hair loss in women. The result is a shorter hair growth cycle, finer hair and excessive hair loss from shedding and breakage. Male or female pattern baldness can have a serious psychological impact on a person.
There are various treatments for Androgenetic Alopecia. For those with more advanced hair loss, where the hair follicles are severely damaged or destroyed, surgery or a hairpiece may be the only practical options. Hair transplant surgery involves a number of complex steps starting with the planning, preparing the hair replacement transplant donor area, and then the grafting of permanent hair transplants on the bald scalp areas. It is best to have the necessary hair transplant information before going for surgery.